Existing and past energy & climate-related financing for EU member-states, candidate, and neighbourhood countries

The European Union (EU) provides substantial financial support through loans and grants to its members, candidate countries, and those within its neighbourhood policy framework, with a growing emphasis on energy and climate initiatives. Ukraine’s new status as a candidate country might provide access to additional funds such as the Instrument for Pre-Accession (IPA). Nevertheless, facing the twin challenges of post-war reconstruction and “catching up” with investment in green energy and industrial projects under the EU Green Deal is likely to result in significant additional financing needs.

Grinschgl Julian, Rouven Stubbe, Pavel Bilek

What is a Policy Paper?

Policy Papers refer to current or possible future policy topics. An in-depth economic analysis of the selected topic is presented, from which policy recommendations and possible actions are derived.